CPL/IFR Seminar 5: How do you do a Successful Forced Landing?

What are your priorities when the engine quits?

  • Arrange in order:

        • Mayday Call

        • Carb Heat

        • Glide Speed

        • Choose a landing spot

        • Check Engine and Fuel controls

        • Remember today’s winds

        • Fly a circuit or procedure

        • Secure for landing

  • Are these all of the same importance?

  • Are there other things that are important?

  • What happens if you forget or skip one of these things?

Why would you want to learn the Generic 360° Procedure?

  • Ex. 22 Forced Landing weakest flight test item – 152/365 failures – 42%

  • Used by military pilots around the world since forever

  • and – Much Higher Success Rate!

  • (Look at Sample Flight Test Remarks in the Powerpoint)

How do you learn the Generic 360° Procedure?

  • How do you determine your High Key altitude?

  • How do you fly a Standard Rate (2 minute) turn?

  • Why fly right-hand turns in a strong right crosswind?

  • What is/are the purpose(s) of choosing three Key Points?

  • How do you choose them / where do they have to be?

  • How do you fly a circle over the ground when there’s a wind?

  • How do you know if you are high/low? (suggestions: you can do it by eyeball, or you can have altitude numbers in your head for the Key Points)1

  • How do you correct if you are high/low?

  • How do you divide this procedure into components that can be easily learned and remembered?

What are your priorities when the engine quits?

  1. Fly the airplane.

  2. Fly the airplane, pulling on carb heat.

  3. Fly the airplane, turning into the wind.

  4. Fly the airplane, slowing to glide speed and trimming.

  5. Fly the airplane as you do the rest of the stuff.

1For example: field at Sea Level, aircraft glide 600 fpm. High Key 1400, Low Key 700, Final Key (Base) 350. Derive?